A list of the vascular flora of East-the-Water, Bideford, Devon

Covering all, or part of: East-the-water, Monad SS4526, eastern side of river (Loc. Id:2958); East-the-water, Monad SS4626 (Watkins Way & Manteo Road area) (Loc. Id:3106); East-the-water, SS4625, SE side of East-the-Water (Loc. Id:3208); East-the-water, Monad SS4525, east of river, Kynochs Bank and Tarka Trail (Loc. Id:3210); East-the-water, Monad SS4526, Ethelwynne Brown Close (Loc. Id:3216); East-the-water, Monad SS4526, Brunswick to Clarence Wharves (Loc. Id:3217); East-the-water, Monad SS4725, business park, Portabello etc. (Loc. Id:3352)

Recorded by R I & S H Kirby. Determined by R I Kirby (unless the individual record notes indicate otherwise)

Frequency and status information is based on Smith, R., Hodgson, B. & Ison. J. A New Flora of Devon. Exeter: The Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature and the Arts, 2016, with additions by R. I. Kirby where required. A species frequency reflects how common it is in Devon, whilst its status is that for the UK. Where rare species have clearly been introduced by human activity they are usually of less significance. Some Devon Notables are rarer elsewhere than they are in Devon, or are typical of valuable habitats. As a rough guide, Neophytes are plants believed to have been introduced (by human activity) since 1500 AD (an arbitrary cut-off date roughly linked to 1492 when Columbus reached America), Archeophytes are believed to be introductions that pre-date 1500 AD, and Native plants are believed to have established themselves without human intervention.

In addition to wild and naturalised plants, this list includes plants that have escaped from cultivation into non-horticultural non-domestic environments such as waste-ground, pavements or road gutters. Also listed are plants that, whilst they may have been accidentally or deliberately introduced, are now established as part of a wild or semi-wild environment, as is often the case for hedgerow or woodland trees.

  1. Acer campestre, L., Maple, Field [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  2. Acer platanoides, L., Maple, Norway. Probably about two year old seedling. A. platanoides has been used for street landscaping in the area so probably spread from that. [Occasional, neophyte]
  3. Acer pseudoplatanus, L., Sycamore [Very common, neophyte]
  4. Achillea millefolium, L., Yarrow [Very common, native]
  5. Aegopodium podagraria, L., Ground-elder [Common, archeophyte]
  6. Aesculus hippocastanum, L., Chestnut, Horse [Frequent, neophyte]
  7. Agrimonia eupatoria, , Agrimony, Common [Frequent, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  8. Agrostis capillaris, L., Bent, Common [Common, native]
  9. Agrostis stolonifera , L., Bent, Creeping [Common, native]
  10. Aira caryophyllea, L., Hair-grass, Silver [Frequent, native]
  11. Ajuga reptans, L., Bugle [Common, native]
  12. Alcea rosea, L., Hollyhock [Considered very rare when truly established in a wild context, neophyte]
  13. Alliaria petiolata, (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande, Mustard, Garlic [Common, native]
  14. Allium schoenoprasum, L., Chives [Very rare, native]
  15. Allium triquetrum, L., Leek, Three-cornered [Frequent, neophyte] [Prone to dominate if not controlled.]
  16. Alnus cordata, , Alder, Italian [Rare, neophyte]
  17. Alnus glutinosa, (L.) Gaertn., Alder [Very common, native]
  18. Alopecurus pratensis, L., Foxtail, Meadow [Common, native]
  19. Amelanchier lamarckii, F .G. Schroed, Juneberry [Very rare, neophyte]
  20. Anagallis arvensis subsp. arvensis, L., Pimpernel, Scarlet [Common, native]
  21. Angelica sylvestris, L., Angelica, Wild [Common, native]
  22. Anisantha sterilis, L., Brome, Barren [Common, archeophyte]
  23. Anthoxanthum odoratum, L., Vernal Grass, Scented [Common, native]
  24. Anthriscus sylvestris, (L.) Hoffm., Parsley, Cow [Very common, native]
  25. Antirrhinum majus, L, Snapdragon [Occasional, neophyte]
  26. Aphanes arvensis, L., Parsley-piert [Common, native]
  27. Aphanes australis, Rydb., Parsley-piert, Narrow [Common, native]
  28. Apium nodiflorum, (L.) Lag., Fool's-water-cress [Common, native]
  29. Aquilegia vulgaris, L., Columbine. Single plant in a hedgerow and remote from nearest garden. Gareden escapes are more frequent. [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  30. Arabidopsis thaliana, (L.) Heynh., Cress, Thale [Frequent, native]
  31. Arctium minus, (Hill) Bernh., Burdock, Lesser [Common, native]
  32. Armeria maritima, Mill., Thrift [Frequent, native]
  33. Arrhenatherum elatius, (L.) P. Beauv. ex J. Presl & C. Presl, Oat Grass, False. Including var, bulbosum. [Common, native]
  34. Artemisia vulgaris, L., Mugwort [Common, native]
  35. Arum italicum subsp. italicum, , Lords-and-Ladies, Italian (typical subspecies) [Occasional, neophyte]
  36. Arum maculatum, L., Cuckoo Pint [Common, native]
  37. Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, L., Spleenwort, Black [Very common, native]
  38. Asplenium ruta-muraria, L., Wall Rue [Common, native]
  39. Asplenium scolopendrium, (L.) Newman, Hart's Tongue Fern [Very common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  40. Asplenium trichomanes, L., Spleenwort, Maidenhair [Common, native]
  41. Aster tripolium, L., Aster, Sea [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  42. Athyrium filix-femina, (L.) Roth, Lady fern [Common, native]
  43. Atriplex patula, L., Orache, Common [Common, native]
  44. Atriplex portulacoides , L., Sea-purslane [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  45. Atriplex prostrata, Boucher ex DC., Orache, Spear-leaved [Frequent, native]
  46. Avena fatua, L., Oat, Wild [Frequent, archeophyte]
  47. Avena sativa, L., Oat [Frequent, casual alien]
  48. Barbarea intermedia, Boreau, Winter-cress, Medium-flowered. [Frequent, neophyte]
  49. Barbarea verna, (Mill.) Asch., Winter-cress, American [Frequent, neophyte]
  50. Barbarea vulgaris, W.T. Aiton, Winter-cress [Frequent, native]
  51. Bellis perennis, L., Daisy [Very common, native]
  52. Berberis darwinii, Hook., Barberry, Darwin's [Very rare, neophyte]
  53. Bergenia crassifolia, (L.) Fritsch, Elephant-ears [Considered very rare when truly established in a wild context, neophyte]
  54. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, (L.) Arcang., Beet, Sea [Frequent, native]
  55. Blechnum spicant, (L.) Roth, Hard Fern [Very common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  56. Bolboschoenus maritimus , (L.) Palla, Club-rush, Sea [Occasional, native]
  57. Brachypodium sylvaticum, (Huds.) P. Beauv., Brome, False [Common, native]
  58. Brassica napus subsp. oleifera, (DC.) Metz., Oil-seed Rape [Frequent, neophyte]
  59. Brassica nigra, (L.) W.D.J. Koch, Mustard, Black [Frequent, native]
  60. Brassica oleracea var. viridis, L., Kale [Not in New Flora (2016), cultivated variety]
  61. Briza maxima, L., Quaking-grass, Greater [Occasional, neophyte]
  62. Bromopsis ramosa, (Huds.) Holub, Brome, Hairy. Subsp. ramosus [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  63. Bromus hordeaceus, L., Brome, Soft [Common, native]
  64. Buddleja davidii, Franch., Buddleia [Frequent, neophyte] [Prone to dominate if not controlled.]
  65. Bupleurum subovatum, , Thorow-wax, False [Considered very rare when truly established in a wild context, neophyte]
  66. Calendula officinalis, L., Marigold, Pot [Occasional, neophyte]
  67. Calystegia sepium, (L.) R. Br., Bindweed, Hedge [Common, native]
  68. Calystegia silvatica, (L.) R. Br., Bindweed, Greater, including the rarer subsp. silvatica [Frequent, neophyte]
  69. Campanula portenschlagiana, Schult., Bellflower, Adria [Frequent, neophyte]
  70. Campanula poscharskyana, Degen, Bellflower, Trailing [Frequent, neophyte]
  71. Capsella bursa-pastoris, (L.) Medik., Shepherd's Purse [Common, archeophyte]
  72. Cardamine corymbosa, , Bittercress, New Zealand [Very rare, neophyte]
  73. Cardamine flexuosa, With., Bittercress, Wavy [Common, native]
  74. Cardamine hirsuta, L., Bittercress, Hairy. [Common, native]
  75. Cardamine pratensis, L., Lady's Smock [Common, native]
  76. Carduus crispus, L., Thistle, Welted [Occasional, native]
  77. Carduus tenuiflorus, Curtis, Thistle, Slender [Occasional, native]
  78. Carex divulsa subsp. divulsa , Stokes, Sedge, Grey (typical subspecies) [Frequent, native]
  79. Carex extensa, Gooden., Sedge, Long-bracted [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  80. Carex flacca, Schreb., Sedge, Glaucous [Frequent, native]
  81. Carex nigra, (L.) Reichard, Sedge, Common [Common, native]
  82. Carex otrubae, Podp., Sedge, False Fox. [Frequent, native]
  83. Carex pendula, Huds., Sedge, Pendulous [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  84. Carex remota, L., Sedge, Remote [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  85. Carex spicata, Huds., Sedge, Spiked. Showing the characteristic wine-red tints [Occasional, native]
  86. Carex sylvatica, Huds., Sedge, Wood [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  87. Catapodium rigidum subsp. rigidum, (L.) C.E.Hubb., Fern-grass (typical subspecies) [Frequent, native]
  88. Centaurea cyanus, L., Cornflower [Occasional, archeophyte] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  89. Centaurea montana, L., Cornflower, Perennial [Occasional, neophyte]
  90. Centaurea nigra, L., Knapweed [Very common, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  91. Centaurea nigra x debeauxii, -, Knapweed, hybrid [Distribution uncertain, native]
  92. Centaurea scabiosa, L., Knapweed, Greater [Occasional, native]
  93. Centaurium erythraea, Rafn, Centaury [Frequent, native]
  94. Centranthus ruber, (L.) DC., Valarian, Red [Common, neophyte]
  95. Cerastium diffusum, , Mouse-ear, Sea [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  96. Cerastium fontanum , Baumg., Mouse-ear [Very common, native]
  97. Cerastium glomeratum, Thuill., Mouse-ear, Sticky [Common, native]
  98. Cerastium tomentosum, , Snow-in-summer [Occasional, neophyte]
  99. Chaerophyllum temulum, L., Chervil, Rough [Common, native]
  100. Chamerion angustifolium, (L.) Holub, Willowherb, Rosebay [Common, native]
  101. Chenopodium album, L., Fat Hen [Common, native]
  102. Chenopodium ficifolium, Sm., Goosefoot, Fig-leaved [Occasional, archeophyte] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  103. Chenopodium polyspermum, L., Goosefoot, Many-seeded [Frequent, archeophyte]
  104. Chrysosplenium oppositifolium, L., Yellow-saxifrage, Opposite-leaved [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  105. Circaea lutetiana, L., Enchanter's Nightshade [Common, native]
  106. Cirsium arvense, (L.) Scop., Thistle, Creeping [Very common, native]
  107. Cirsium palustre, (L.) Scop., Thistle, Marsh [Very common, native]
  108. Cirsium vulgare, (Savi) Ten., Thistle, Spear [Very common, native]
  109. Clematis vitalba, L., Old-man's Beard [Frequent, native]
  110. Clinopodium ascendens, (Jord.) Samp., Calamint, Common [Frequent, native]
  111. Clinopodium vulgare, L., Basil, Wild [Frequent, native]
  112. Cochlearia anglica, L., Scurvy-grass, English [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species, Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  113. Cochlearia danica, L., Scurvy-grass, Danish [Frequent, native]
  114. Cochlearia officinalis, L., Scurvy-grass, Common [Frequent, native]
  115. Conium maculatum , L., Hemlock [Common, archeophyte]
  116. Convallaria majalis, L., Lily-of-the-valley [Considered rare when truly established in a wild context, native]
  117. Convolvulus arvensis, L., Bindweed, Field [Frequent, native]
  118. Conyza canadensis, (L.) Cronquist, Fleabane, Canadian [Frequent, neophyte]
  119. Conyza floribunda, Kunth, Fleabane, Bilbao's [Frequent, neophyte]
  120. Conyza sumartrensis, (Retz.) E. Walker, Fleabane, Guernsey [Frequent, neophyte]
  121. Cornus sanguinea, L., Dogwood [Frequent, native]
  122. Cortadaria selloana, (Schult. & Schult. f.) Asch. & Graebn., Pampas Grass. Small plants below blooming size [Occasional, neophyte]
  123. Corylus avellana, L., Hazel [Very common, native]
  124. Cotoneaster horizontalis, Decne, Cotoneaster, Wall [Frequent, neophyte]
  125. Cotoneaster simonsii, Baker, Cotoneaster, Himalayan [Frequent, neophyte]
  126. Cotoneaster x suecicus, G. Klotz, Cotoneaster, Swedish [Frequent, neophyte]
  127. Crataegus monogyna, Jacq., Hawthorn [Very common, native]
  128. Crepis capillaris, (L.) Wallr., Hawk's-beard, Smooth [Common, native]
  129. Crepis vesicaria, L., Hawk's-beard, Beaked [Frequent, neophyte]
  130. Crithmum maritimum, L., Samphire, Rock [Frequent, native]
  131. Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora (= aurea x pottsii), (Lemoine) N.E. Br., Montbretia [Common, neophyte]
  132. Cymbalaria muralis, P. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb., Toadflax, Ivy-leaved [Common, neophyte]
  133. Cynosurus cristatus , L., Dog's Tail, Crested [Common, native]
  134. Cyperus longus, L., Galingale [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  135. Cytisus scoparius, (L.) Link, Broom [Common, native]
  136. Dactylis glomerata, L., Cocksfoot [Very common, native]
  137. Datura stramonium, L., Thorn-apple [Rare, neophyte]
  138. Daucus carota, L., Carrot, Wild [Frequent, native]
  139. Deschampsia cespitosa, (L.) P. Beauv., Hair-grass, Tufted [Common, native]
  140. Digitalis purpurea, L., Foxglove [Common, native]
  141. Dipsacus fullonum, L., Teasel [Frequent, native]
  142. Dryopteris affinis, (Lowe) Fraser-Jenk., Male-fern, Golden Scaly [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  143. Dryopteris borreri, (Newman) Newman ex Oberh. & Tavel, Male-fern, Borrer's Scaly [Occasional, native]
  144. Dryopteris dilatata, (Hoffm.) A. Gray, Buckler Fern, Broad [Very common, native]
  145. Dryopteris filix-mas, (L.) Schott, Male Fern [Very common, native]
  146. Echium pininana, Webb & Berthel., Viper's-bugloss, Giant [Rare, neophyte]
  147. Elytrigia atherica, (Link) Kerguélen, Couch, Sea [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  148. Elytrigia repens, (L.) Desv. ex Nevski, Couch, Common [Common, native]
  149. Epilobium ciliatum, Raf., Willowherb, American [Common, neophyte]
  150. Epilobium hirsutum, L., Willowherb, Great [Common, native]
  151. Epilobium montanum, L., Willowherb, Broad-leaved [Very common, native]
  152. Epilobium obscurum, Schreb., Willowherb, Short-fruited [Common, native]
  153. Epilobium parviflorum, Schreb., Willowherb, Hoary [Common, native]
  154. Epilobium tetragonum, L., Willowherb, Square-stalked [Frequent, native]
  155. Equisetum arvense, L., Horsetail, Field [Common, native]
  156. Erigeron acris, L., Fleabane, Blue [Occasional, native]
  157. Erigeron karvinskianus, DC., Fleabane, Mexican [Frequent, neophyte]
  158. Erodium moschatum, (L.) L'H r., Stork's-bill, Musk [Occasional, archeophyte] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  159. Erysimum cheiri, (L.) Crantz, Wallflower [Occasional, archeophyte]
  160. Eschscholzia californica, Cham., Poppy, Californian [Occasional, neophyte]
  161. Euonymus europaeus, L., Spindle [Common, native]
  162. Eupatorium cannabinum, L., Hemp-agrimony [Common, native]
  163. Euphorbia characias subsp. characias, L., Spurge, Mediterranean [Very rare, neophyte]
  164. Euphorbia helioscopia, L., Spurge, Sun [Frequent, archeophyte]
  165. Euphorbia lathyris, L., Spurge, Caper [Occasional, archeophyte]
  166. Euphorbia oblongata, Griseb., Spurge, Balkan [Not in New Flora (2016), neophyte]
  167. Euphorbia peplus, L., Spurge, Petty [Frequent, archeophyte]
  168. Fagus sylvatica, L., Beech [Very common, native]
  169. Fallopia convolvulus , (L.) Á. Löve, Bindweed, Black [Frequent, archeophyte]
  170. Festuca ovina, L., Fescue, Sheeps [Frequent, native]
  171. Festuca rubra agg., L., Fescue, Red [Very common, native]
  172. Ficaria verna, L., Celandine, Lesser [Very common, native]
  173. Filipendula ulmaria, (L.) Maxim., Meadowsweet [Common, native]
  174. Foeniculum vulgare, Mill., Fennel [Frequent, archeophyte]
  175. Fragaria vesca, L., Strawberry, Wild [Common, native]
  176. Fraxinus excelsior, L., Ash, European [Very common, native]
  177. Fuchsia magellanica, Lam., Fuchsia [Occasional, neophyte]
  178. Fumaria bastardii, Boreau, Fumitory, Tall Ramping [Rare, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  179. Fumaria capreolata, L., Fumitory, White Ramping. Subsp. babingtonii [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  180. Fumaria muralis, Sond. ex W.D.J. Koch, Fumitory, Common Ramping [Common, native]
  181. Fumaria officinalis, L., Fumitory, Common [Frequent, native]
  182. Galeopsis tetrahit, L., Hemp-nettle, Common [Frequent, native]
  183. Galium album, L., Bedstraw, Hedge [Common, native]
  184. Galium aparine, L., Cleavers [Very common, native]
  185. Galium odoratum, (L.) Scop., Woodruff [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  186. Galium palustre subsp. palustre, L., Bedstraw, Marsh (marsh subspecies) [Common, native]
  187. Galium verum, L., Bedstraw, Ladies [Frequent, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  188. Geranium columbinum, L., Crane's-bill, Long-stalked [Frequent, native]
  189. Geranium dissectum, L., Crane's-bill, Cut-leaved [Common, archeophyte]
  190. Geranium lucidum, L., Crane's-bill, Shining [Common, native]
  191. Geranium molle, L., Crane's-bill, Dove's-foot [Common, native]
  192. Geranium pyrenaicum, Burm. f., Crane's-bill, Hedgerow [Frequent, archeophyte]
  193. Geranium robertianum, L., Herb Robert [Very common, native]
  194. Geranium rotundifolium, L., Crane's-bill, Round-leaved [Frequent, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  195. Geranium sanguineum, L., Crane's-bill, Bloody [Considered rare when truly established in a wild context, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  196. Geranium x oxonianum (endressii x versicolor), Yeo, Crane's-bill, Druce's [Rare, neophyte]
  197. Geum urbanum, L., Herb Bennet [Very common, native]
  198. Gladiolus communis subsp. byzantinus, (Mill.) D.C.V. Douin, Gladiolus, Byzantine. [Occasional, neophyte]
  199. Glaux maritima, L., Milkwort, Sea [Occasional, native]
  200. Glechoma hederacea, L., Ground-ivy [Very common, native]
  201. Glyceria declinata, Bréb., Sweet-grass, Small [Frequent, native]
  202. Glyceria fluitans, (L.) R. Br., Sweet-grass, Floating [Common, native]
  203. Gnaphalium uliginosum, L., Cudweed, Marsh [Common, native]
  204. Hedera helix, L., Ivy, English [Very common, native]
  205. Hedera hibernica, (G. Kirchn.) Bean, Ivy, Atlantic. [Very common, possibly native]
  206. Helminthotheca echioides, L., Ox-tongue, Bristly [Frequent, native]
  207. Heracleum sphondylium, L., Hogweed [Very common, native]
  208. Holcus lanatus, L., Yorkshire-fog [Very common, native]
  209. Holcus mollis, L., Soft-grass, Creeping [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  210. Hordeum murinum, L., Barley, Wall [Frequent, native]
  211. Humulus lupulus, L., Hop. Golden, so possibly a relic of cultivation or soil dumping, as on a waste patch. [Frequent, native]
  212. Hyacinthoides non-scripta, (L.) Chouard ex Rothm., Bluebell [Very common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  213. Hyacinthoides x massartiana (non-scripta x hispanica), Geerinck, Bluebell, hybrid [Frequent, neophyte]
  214. Hypericum androsaemum, L., Tutsan [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  215. Hypericum perforatum, L., St John's-wort, Perforate [Common, native]
  216. Hypericum pulchrum, L., St John's-wort, Slender [Occasional, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  217. Hypericum tetrapterum, Fr., St John's-wort, Square-stalked [Common, native]
  218. Hypochaeris radicata, L., Cat's-ear [Very common, native]
  219. Ilex aquifolium, L., Holly [Very common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  220. Inula conyzae, (Griess.) Meikle, Ploughman's Spikenard [Frequent, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  221. Iris foetidissima, L., Iris, Stinking [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  222. Iris pseudacorus, L., Iris, Yellow Flag [Common, native]
  223. Juncus articulatus, L., Rush, Jointed [Common, native]
  224. Juncus bufonius, L., Rush, Toad [Common, native]
  225. Juncus conglomeratus, L., Rush, Compact, including the much rarer var. subuliflorus [Common, native]
  226. Juncus effusus, L., Rush, Soft [Very common, native]
  227. Juncus gerardii, Loisel., Rush, Saltmarsh [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  228. Juncus inflexus, L., Rush, Hard [Frequent, native]
  229. Juncus maritimus, Lam., Rush, Sea [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  230. Kickxia elatine, (L.) Dumort., Fluellen, Sharp-leaved [Frequent, archeophyte] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  231. Lactuca serriola, L., Lettuce, Prickly [Occasional, archeophyte]
  232. Lamiastrum galeobdolon subsp. argentatum, (Smejkal) Stace, Yellow Archangle (Spotted Leaved) [Common, neophyte]
  233. Lamium purpureum, L., Dead-nettle, Red [Common, archeophyte]
  234. Lapsana communis, L., Nipple-wort [Very common, native]
  235. Lathyrus latifolius, , Everlasting-pea, Broad-leaved [Occasional, neophyte]
  236. Lathyrus pratensis, L., Vetchling, Meadow [Very common, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  237. Lathyrus sylvestris, L., Everlasting-pea, Narrow-leaved [Occasional, native]
  238. Lavandula angustifolia, MIll., Lavender, Garden. [Not in New Flora (2016), neophyte]
  239. Lemna minor, L., Duckweed, Common [Frequent, native]
  240. Leontodon saxatilis, Lam., Hawkbit, Lesser [Frequent, native]
  241. Lepidium coronopus, (L.) Al-Shehbaz, Swine-cress [Frequent, archeophyte]
  242. Lepidium didymum, L., Swine-cress, Lesser [Common, neophyte]
  243. Lepidium heterophyllum, Benth., Pepperwort, Smith's [Occasional, native]
  244. Leucanthemum vulgare, Lam., Daisy, Ox-eye [Common, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  245. Leycesteria formosa, Wall., Honeysuckle, Himalayan. [Frequent, neophyte]
  246. Ligustrum vulgare, L., Privet, Wild [Common, native]
  247. Linaria purpurea, (L.) Mill., Toadflax, Purple [Frequent, neophyte]
  248. Linaria vulgaris, Mill., Toadflax, Common [Common, native]
  249. Linum bienne, Mill., Flax, Pale [Occasional, native]
  250. Lobularia maritima, (L.) Desv., Alison, Sweet [Occasional, neophyte]
  251. Lolium perenne, L., Rye-grass, Perennial [Very common, native]
  252. Lonicera japonica, Thunb., Honeysuckle, Japanese [Rare, neophyte] [Prone to dominate if not controlled.]
  253. Lonicera nitida, E. H. Wilson, Honeysuckle, Wilson's [Frequent, neophyte]
  254. Lonicera periclymenum, L., Honeysuckle [Very common, native]
  255. Lotus corniculatus, L., Bird's-foot Trefoil, Common, including the var. sativus [Common, native]
  256. Lotus pedunculatus, Cav., Bird's-foot Trefoil, Large [Common, native]
  257. Luzula campestris, (L.) DC., Wood-rush, Field [Common, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  258. Malus pumila, Mill., Apple, Domestic [Frequent, neophyte]
  259. Malva arborea, (L.) Webb & Berthel., Mallow, Tree. On wasteground [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  260. Malva moschata, L., Mallow, Musk [Frequent, native]
  261. Malva sylvestris, L., Mallow, Common [Frequent, native]
  262. Matricaria discoidea, Dc., Pineappleweed [Very common, neophyte]
  263. Medicago arabica, (L.) Huds., Medic, Spotted [Frequent, native]
  264. Medicago lupulina, L., Medic, Black [Common, native]
  265. Melampyrum pratense subsp. pratense, L., Cow-wheat, Common [Frequent, status uncertain]
  266. Melilotus altissimus, Thuill., Melilot, Tall. [Occasional, archeophyte]
  267. Melilotus indicus, (L.) All., Melilot, Small [Rare, neophyte] [Locally, or otherwise, notable]
  268. Melilotus officinalis, (L.) Pall., Melilot, Ribbed.[Occasional, neophyte]
  269. Melissa officinalis, L., Balm, Lemon [Frequent, neophyte]
  270. Mentha aquatica, L., Mint, Water [Common, native]
  271. Mentha spicata, L., Mint, Spear [Occasional, archeophyte]
  272. Mentha x verticillata (aquatica x arvensis), L., Mint, hybrid (Corn x Water) [Frequent, native]
  273. Mercurialis perennis, L., Dog's-mercury [Very common, native]
  274. Misopates calycinum, Rothm., Weasle's-snout, Pale [Very rare, neophyte]
  275. Moehringia trinervia, (L.) Clairv., Sandwort, Three-nerved [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  276. Moenchia erecta, (L.) P. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb., Chickweed, Upright. Possibly locally extinct by 2018 as main site was destroyed by bike track development [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  277. Myosotis arvensis, (L.) Hill, Forget-me-not, Field [Common, neophyte]
  278. Myosotis discolor, Pers., Forget-me-not, Changing [Frequent, native]
  279. Myosotis ramosissima, Rochel, Forget-me-not, Early [Occasional, native]
  280. Myosotis sylvatica, Ehrh. ex Hoffm., Forget-me-not, Wood [Frequent, native]
  281. Nasturtium officinale, W.T.Aiton, Watercress [Common, native]
  282. Nigella damascena, L., Love-in-the-mist [Occasional, neophyte] [Of local interest]
  283. Odontites vernus subsp. vernus, (Bellardi) Dumort., Bartsia, Red (early subspecies) [Rare, native]
  284. Oenanthe crocata, L., Water-dropwort, Hemlock [Very common, native]
  285. Oenothera stricta, Ledeb. ex Link, Evening-primrose, Fragrant [Very rare, neophyte]
  286. Oenothera x fallax, , Evening Primrose, Intermediate [Very rare, neophyte]
  287. Orchis mascula, (L.) L., Orchid, Early-purple [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  288. Ornithogalum umbellatum, L., Star-of-Bethlehem. [Occasional, neophyte]
  289. Oxalis corniculata, L., Yellow-sorrel, Procumbent [Occasional, neophyte]
  290. Oxalis stricta, L., Yellow-sorrel, Upright [Rare, neophyte]
  291. Papaver dubium, L., Poppy, Long-headed [Occasional, archeophyte]
  292. Papaver somniferum, L., Poppy, Opium [Frequent, archeophyte]
  293. Parapholis strigosa 'exarcuata', , Hard Grass, 'exarcuata' (undescribed form) [Rare, possibly native]
  294. Parietaria judaica, L., Pellitory-of-the-wall [Frequent, native]
  295. Parthenocissus quinquefolia, (L.) Planch., Virginia-creeper [Rare, neophyte]
  296. Persicaria hydropiper, (L.) Delarbre, Water-pepper [Common, native]
  297. Persicaria lapathifolia, (L.) Delarbre, Persicaria, Pale [Frequent, native]
  298. Persicaria maculosa, Gray, Redshank [Common, native]
  299. Petasites fragrans, (Vill.) C. Pres, Heliotrope, Winter [Frequent, neophyte]
  300. Phalaris arundinacea, L., Canary-grass, Reed [Common, native]
  301. Phalaris canariensis, L., Canary-grass [Rare, neophyte]
  302. Phleum bertolonii, DC., Cat's-tail, Smaller [Occasional, native]
  303. Phleum pratense, L., Cat's-tail [Common, native]
  304. Phragmites australis, (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud., Reed, Common [Frequent, native]
  305. Picea sitchensis, (Bong.) Carrière, Spruce, Sitka [Frequent, neophyte]
  306. Pinus sylvestris, L., Pine, Scot's [Common, native]
  307. Plantago coronopus, L., Plantain, Buck's-horn [Frequent, native]
  308. Plantago lanceolata, L., Plantain, Ribwort [Very common, native]
  309. Plantago major subsp. major, L., Plantain, Broad-leaved [Very common, native]
  310. Plantago maritima, L., Plantain, Sea [Frequent, native]
  311. Poa annua, L., Meadow-grass, Annual [Very common, native]
  312. Poa humilis, Ehrh. ex Hoffm., Meadow-grass, Spreading [Occasional, native]
  313. Poa nemoralis, L., Meadow-grass, Wood [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  314. Poa pratensis, L., Meadow-grass, Smooth [Common, native]
  315. Poa trivialis, L., Meadow-grass, Rough [Common, native]
  316. Polygonum arenastrum, Boreau, Knotgrass, Equal-leaved [Frequent, archeophyte]
  317. Polygonum aviculare, L., Knotgrass [Common, native]
  318. Polygonum rurivagum, Jord. ex Boreau, Knotgrass, Cornfield [Occasional, archeophyte]
  319. Polypodium interjectum, Shivas, Polypody, Intermediate. Confirmed under microscope [Common, native]
  320. Polypodium vulgare, L., Polypody, Common [Very common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  321. Polypogon viridis, (Gouan) Breistr., Bent, Water [Occasional, neophyte]
  322. Polystichum setiferum, (Forssk.) T. Moore ex Woyn., Shield-fern, Soft [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  323. Populus x canescens (alba x tremula), (Aiton) Sm., Poplar, Grey [Frequent, neophyte]
  324. Potentilla anglica, Laichard, Tormentil, Trailing [Frequent, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  325. Potentilla anserina, L., Silverweed [Common, native]
  326. Potentilla reptans, L., Cinquefoil, Creeping [Common, native]
  327. Potentilla sterilis, (L.) Garcke, Strawberry, Barren [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  328. Potentilla x mixta (sensu lato), Nolte ex Rchb., Cinquefoil, Hybrid. [Occasional, native]
  329. Primula vulgaris, Huds., Primrose [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  330. Prunella vulgaris, L., Self-heal [Common, native]
  331. Prunus avium, (L.) L., Cherry, Wild [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  332. Prunus cerasifera, Ehrh., Plum, Cherry [Occasional, neophyte]
  333. Prunus padus, L., Cherry, Bird [Considered rare when truly established in a wild context, native]
  334. Prunus spinosa, L., Blackthorn [Very common, native]
  335. Pseudofumaria lutea, (L.) Borkh., Corydalis, Yellow [Frequent, neophyte]
  336. Pteridium aquilinum, (L.) Kuhn, Bracken [Very common, native]
  337. Puccinellia distans subsp. distans, (Jacq.) Parl., Saltmarsh-grass, Reflexed [Rare, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  338. Puccinellia maritima, (Huds.) Parl., Saltmarsh-grass, Common [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  339. Pulicaria dysenterica, (L.) Bernh., Fleabane, Common [Common, native]
  340. Quercus cerris, L., Oak, Turkey [Frequent, neophyte]
  341. Quercus ilex, L., Oak, Evergreen [Frequent, neophyte]
  342. Quercus petraea, (Matt.) Liebl., Oak, Sessile [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  343. Quercus robur, L., Oak, Pedunculate [Very common, native]
  344. Ranunculus acris, L., Buttercup, Meadow [Common, native]
  345. Ranunculus bulbosus, L., Buttercup, Bulbous [Common, native]
  346. Ranunculus parviflorus, L., Buttercup, Small-flowered [Frequent, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  347. Ranunculus repens, L., Buttercup, Creeping [Very common, native]
  348. Ranunculus sceleratus, L., Buttercup, Celery-leaved [Occasional, native]
  349. Reseda luteola, L., Weld [Frequent, archeophyte]
  350. Rhinanthus minor, L., Yellow-rattle [Frequent, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator]
  351. Rosa arvensis, Huds., Rose, Field [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  352. Rosa canina, L., Rose, Dog- [Very common, native]
  353. Rosa micrantha, Borrer ex Sm., Sweet Briar, Small-flowered [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  354. Rosa rugosa, Thunb., Rose, Japanese [Occasional, neophyte]
  355. Rosa spinosissima, L., Rose, Burnet-[Rare, native]
  356. Rosa virginiana, Herrm., Rose, Virginian [Not in New Flora (2016), neophyte]
  357. Rosmarinus officinalis, L., Rosemary [Very rare, neophyte]
  358. Rubia peregrina, L., Madder, Wild [Locally frequent, native]
  359. Rubus fruticosus agg., -, Bramble (several microspecies are represented) [Very common, native]
  360. Rumex acetosa, L., Sorrel [Common, native]
  361. Rumex conglomeratus, Murray, Dock, Clustered [Frequent, native]
  362. Rumex crispus subsp. crispus, L., Dock, Curled [Common, native]
  363. Rumex obtusifolius, L., Dock, Broad-leaved [Very common, native]
  364. Rumex sanguineus, L., Dock, Wood [Very common, native]
  365. Sagina filicaulis, Jord, Pearlword, Slender [Distribution uncertain, native]
  366. Sagina procumbens, L., Pearl-wort, Procumbent [Common, native]
  367. Salicornia agg., , Glasswort, undetermined [Rare, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  368. Salix alba, L., Willow, White [Occasional, archeophyte]
  369. Salix caprea, , Willow, Goat [Common, native]
  370. Salix cinerea, L., Willow, Grey [Very common, native]
  371. Salix purpurea, L., Willow, Purple [Considered rare when truly established in a wild context, native]
  372. Sambucus nigra, L., Elderberry [Very common, native]
  373. Saxifraga tridactylites, L., Saxifrage, Rue-leaved. [Occasional, native]
  374. Schedonorus arundinaceus, (Schreb.) Dumort., Fescue, Tall [Frequent, native]
  375. Schedonorus giganteus, (L.) Holub., Fescue, Giant [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  376. Scorzoneroides autumnalis, (L.) Moench, Hawkbit, Autumn [Common, native]
  377. Scrophularia auriculata, L., Figwort, Water [Common, native]
  378. Scrophularia nodosa, L., Figwort, Common [Common, native]
  379. Sedum acre, L., Stonecrop, Biting [Frequent, native]
  380. Sedum album, L., Stonecrop, White [Frequent, archeophyte]
  381. Sedum repustre, L., Stonecrop, Reflexed [Frequent, neophyte]
  382. Sedum stoloniferum, S. G. Gmel, Stonecrop, Lesser Caucasian [Very rare, neophyte]
  383. Senecio erucifolius, L., Ragwort, Hoary [Frequent, native]
  384. Senecio jacobaea, L., Ragwort [Very common, native]
  385. Senecio vulgaris, L., Groundsel [Very common, native]
  386. Sherardia arvensis, L., Madder, Field [Frequent, native]
  387. Silene coronaria, (L.) Clairv., Campion, Rose [Rare, neophyte]
  388. Silene dioica, (L.) Clairv., Campion, Red [Very common, native]
  389. Sinapis arvensis, L., Charlock [Frequent, archeophyte]
  390. Sison amomum, L, Parsley, Stone [Frequent, native]
  391. Sisymbrium officinale, (L.) Scop., Mustard, Hedge [Common, archeophyte]
  392. Sisymbrium orientale, L., Rocket, Eastern [Rare, neophyte]
  393. Smyrnium olusatrum, L., Alexanders [Common, archeophyte]
  394. Solanum dulcamara, L., Nightshade, Woody [Common, native]
  395. Solanum nigrum, L., Nightshade, Black [Frequent, native]
  396. Soleirolia soleirolii, (Req.) Dandy, Mind-your-own-business [Frequent, neophyte]
  397. Solidago virgaurea, L., Goldenrod [Frequent, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  398. Sonchus arvensis, L., Sow-thistle, Perennial [Common, native]
  399. Sonchus asper, (L.) Hill, Sow-thistle, Prickly [Common, native]
  400. Sonchus oleraceus, L., Sow-thistle, Soft [Common, native]
  401. Spartina anglica, C.E. Hubb., Chord-grass, Common [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  402. Spergularia marina, (L.) Griseb.,, Spurrey, Lesser Sea [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  403. Spergularia media, (L.) C. Presl, Spurrey, Greater Sea [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  404. Stachys arvensis, (L.) L., Woundwort, Field [Frequent, archeophyte] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  405. Stachys byzantina, K. Koch, Lamb's-ears [Very rare, neophyte]
  406. Stachys officinalis, (L.) Trevis., Betony [Common, native] [Unimproved Grassland Indicator, Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  407. Stachys sylvatica, L., Woundwort, Hedge [Common, native]
  408. Stachys x ambigua (sylvatica x palustris), Sm., Woundwort, Hybrid [Occasional, native]
  409. Stellaria alsine, Grimm, Stitchwort, Bog [Common, native]
  410. Stellaria graminea, L., Stitchwort, Lesser [Common, native]
  411. Stellaria holostea, L., Stitchwort, Greater [Very common, native]
  412. Stellaria media, L., Chickweed [Common, native]
  413. Stellaria neglecta, L., Chickweed, Greater.[Frequent, native]
  414. Suaeda maritima, (L.) Dumort., Sea-blight, Annual [Occasional, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  415. Syringa vulgaris, L., Lilac [Frequent, neophyte]
  416. Tamus communis, L., Bryony, Black [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  417. Tanacetum vulgare, L., Tansy [Frequent, native]
  418. Taraxacum agg., -, Dandelion [Very common, native]
  419. Teucrium scorodonia, L., Wood-sage [Common, native]
  420. Thlaspi arvense, L., Penny-cress, Field [Frequent, archeophyte]
  421. Torilis japonica, (Houtt.) DC., Parsley, Upright Hedge [Frequent, native]
  422. Tragopogon pratensis, (Mill.) Wahlenb., Goat's-beard [Frequent, native]
  423. Trifolium campestre, Schreb., Trefoil, Hop [Frequent, native]
  424. Trifolium dubium, Sibth., Trefoil, Lesser [Very common, native]
  425. Trifolium glomeratum, L., Clover, Clustered [Rare, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  426. Trifolium pratense, L., Clover, Red [Very common, native]
  427. Trifolium repens, L., Clover, White [Very common, native]
  428. Trifolium subterraneum, L., Clover, Subterranean [Occasional, native]
  429. Triglochin maritimum, L., Arrowgrass, Sea [Occasional, native]
  430. Tripleurospermum inodorum, (L.) Sch. Bip., Mayweed, Scentless [Common, archeophyte]
  431. Tripleurospermum maritimum, (L.) W.D.J. Koch, Mayweed, Sea. [Frequent, native]
  432. Tropaeolum majus, L., Nasturtium [Considered rare when truly established in a wild context, garden variety]
  433. Tussilago farfara, L., Colt's-foot [Common, native]
  434. Typha latifolia, L., Reedmace [Frequent, native]
  435. Ulex europaeus, L., Gorse [Very common, native]
  436. Ulmus minor subsp. angustifolia, (Weston) Stace, Elm, Cornish [Frequent, native] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
  437. Ulmus procera, Salisb., Elm, English [Common, native]
  438. Ulmus x hollandica (=glabra x minor x plotii), Mill., Elm, Dutch. Rounded leaves on straight twigs. Short petiole, rust coloured hairs on buds, rough on both sides of the leaf. [Rare, native]
  439. Umbilicus rupestris, (Salisb.) Dandy, Penny-wort, Wall [Common, native]
  440. Urtica dioica subsp. dioica, L., Nettle, Common [Very common, native]
  441. Valeriana officinalis, L., Valarian, Common [Common, native]
  442. Valerianella carinata, Loisel., Cornsalad, Keel-fruited [Frequent, archeophyte]
  443. Verbascum thapsus, L., Mullein, Great [Frequent, native]
  444. Verbena bonariensis, L., Vervain, Argentinian [Considered rare when truly established in a wild context, neophyte]
  445. Verbena officinalis, L., Vervain. On the block paving at Ethylwynne Brown Close [Occasional, archeophyte]
  446. Veronica arvensis, L., Speedwell, Wall [Common, native]
  447. Veronica chamaedrys, L., Speedwell, Germander [Very common, native]
  448. Veronica filiformis, Sm., Speedwell, Slender [Common, neophyte]
  449. Veronica hederifolia, L., Speedwell, Ivy-leaved [Common, archeophyte]
  450. Veronica montana, L., Speedwell, Wood [Common, native]
  451. Veronica persica, Poir., Speedwell, Common Field- [Common, neophyte]
  452. Veronica polita, Fr., Speedwell, Grey Field- [Occasional, neophyte]
  453. Veronica serpyllifolia, L., Speedwell, Thyme-leaved [Common, native]
  454. Viburnum opulus, L., Guelder Rose [Common, native] [Ancient Woodland Indicator]
  455. Vicia cracca, L., Vetch, Tufted [Common, native]
  456. Vicia hirsuta, (L.) Gray, Tare, Hairy [Common, native]
  457. Vicia sativa, L., Vetch, Common, including subspecies nigra and the Archeophyte subspecies segetalis [Common, native]
  458. Vicia sepium, L., Vetch, Bush [Common, native]
  459. Vicia tetrasperma, (L.) Schreb., Tare, Smooth [Frequent, native]
  460. Vinca major, L., Periwinkle, Greater, including the very rare var. oxyloba [Frequent, neophyte]
  461. Viola arvensis, Murray, Pansy, Field [Frequent, archeophyte]
  462. Viola riviniana, Rchb., Violet, Common Dog- [Very common, native]
  463. Vulpia bromoides, (L.) Gray, Fescue, Squirreltail [Frequent, native]
  464. Vulpia myuros, (L.) C.C. Gmel., Fescue, Rat's-tail [Occasional, archeophyte] [On Devon County Council list of Devon Notable species]
Generated on 09/01/2020:00:47:38. From records of R. I. Kirby.